What is market segmentation?
Market segmentation refers to the process of dividing a broad target market into smaller, more manageable groups, based on shared characteristics, such as demographics and interests. This strategy ensures the delivery of messaging most pertinent to each segment, according to their unique needs and preferences.
What is the purpose of market segmentation?
In essence, market segmentation allows marketers and salespeople to better understand and reach target buyers. Market segmentation splits a broad audience into smaller segments that present different sets of characteristics, which then serve as the basis for the development of highly personalized marketing campaigns, for example. Ultimately, market segmentation helps to improve engagement and conversion rates, thus increasing the ROI of marketing efforts.
How does market segmentation work?
Market segmentation works by leveraging a series of research methods to identify common traits shared by different groups of clients or leads, in order to direct the elaboration of custom-tailored marketing and sales efforts. There are different sets of traits that can be analyzed, according to the segmentation methods and goals preferred by the campaign, such as demographics, firmographics, psychographic, behavioral, and geographic characteristics.
Here are some examples of variables tracked by these segmentation methods:
- Marital status
- Annual income
- Education level
- Job title
- Purchasing habits
- Company size
- Annual company revenue
Why is market segmentation important?
Market segmentation is a critical element of successful marketing strategies. By dividing a broad target market into smaller, more homogeneous groups of potential clients, businesses can not only reduce costs by targeting exclusively those groups more valuable and more likely to convert, but also more effectively tailor their marketing messages, products, and services to meet the specific needs and preferences of each group. This can result in increased client satisfaction, improved marketing efficiency, and ultimately, higher profits.